Kashmir is the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent. Until the mid-19th century, the term Kashmir geographically denoted only the valley between the Great Himalayas and the Pir Panjal mountain range. Today Kashmir denotes a larger area that includes the Indian-administered state of Jammu and Kashmir (which consists of the divisions: the Kashmir valley, Jammu and Ladakh), the Pakistani-administered Gilgit–Baltistan and the Azad Kashmir provinces, and the Chinese-administered regions of Aksai Chin and Trans-Karakoram Tract. In the first half of the first millennium, the Kashmir region became an important center of Hinduism and later of Buddhism; later still, in the ninth century, Kashmir Shaivism arose. In 1349, Shah Mir became the first Muslim ruler of Kashmir and inaugurated the Salatin-i-Kashmir or Swati dynasty. For the next five centuries, Muslim monarchs ruled Kashmir, including the Mughals, who ruled from 1526 until 1751, then the Afghan Durrani Empire that ruled from 1747 until 1820.That year, the Sikhs, under Ranjit Singh, annexed Kashmir. In 1846, upon the purchase of the region from the British under the Treaty of Amritsar, the Dogras—under Gulab Singh—became the new rulers. Dogra Rule, under the paramountcy (or tutelage) of the British Crown, lasted until 1947, when the former princely state became a disputed territory, now administered by three countries: India, Pakistan, and the People’s Republic of China.
Transport is predominantly by air or road vehicles in the region. Kashmir has a 119 km (74 mi) long modern railway line that started in October 2009 and connects Baramulla in the western part of Kashmir to Srinagar and Qazigund. It will link the Kashmir to Banihal across the Pir Panjal mountains through the Banihal rail tunnel in 2013 and to the rest of India in another few years as the construction of the railway line from Jammu to Banihal progresses steadily.
History of tourism in Kashmir
The state of Jammu & Kashmir is a region of widely varying people and geography. In the south, Jammu is a transition zone from the Indian plains to the Himalaya . Nature has lavishly endowed Kashmir with certain distinctive favors which hardly find a parallel in any alpine land of the world. It is the land of snow clad mountains that shares a common boundary with Afghanistan, China and Pakistan, Jammu and Kashmir is the northernmost state of the Indian Union. Known for its extravagant natural beauty this land formed a major caravan route in the ancient times. Trade relations through these routes between China and Central Asia made it a land inhabited by various religious and cultural groups. It was during the reign of Kashyapa that the various wandering groups led a settled life Buddhism influenced Kashmir during the rule of Ashoka and the present town of Srinagar was founded by him. This place was earlier called ‘Srinagari’ or Purandhisthan. The Brahmins who inhabited these areas admired and adorned Buddhism too. From the regions of Kashmir Buddhism spread of Ladakh, Tibet, Central Asia and China. Various traditions co-existed till the advent of the Muslims. The Mughal had a deep influence on this land and introduced various reforms in the revenue industry and other areas that added to the progress of Kashmir. In 1820 Maharaj Gulab Singh got the Jagir of Jammu from Maharaj Ranjit Sigh. He is said to have laid the foundation of the Dogra dynasty. In 1846 Kashmir was sold to Maharaj Gulab Singh. Thus the two areas of Kashmir and Jammu were integrated into a single political unit. A few chieftains who formed part of the administration were of the Hunza, Kishtwar, Gilgit Ladakh. During the Dogra dynasty trade improved, along with the preservation and promotion of forestry.
4N Srinagar (2N – H/B) – 2N Pahalgam – 2N Katra
Arrive Srinagar Arrive at Srinagar Airport, Meet our local representative and get transferred to your hotel. Evening enjoy shikara ride & visit the island for Char Chinar and Nehru Park. Overnight stay in Houseboat at Srinagar. (D)
Srinagar – Gulmarg – Srinagar Today proceed for full day excursion to Gulmarg often called “Meadows of Flowers”. Enroute view apple orchards, golf course and experience the longest cable car ride upto Khilanmarg snow point. Overnight stay in Houseboat at Srinagar. (B,L,D)
Srinagar Visit Shankaracharya Hill, on its highest hill is the Shankaracharya temple and visit the world famous Mughal Gardens. Visit the Nishat Bagh- the garden of pleasure and Shalimar Bagh- abode of love. Enjoy shopping in evening. Overnight stay in hotelat Srinagar. (B,D)
Srinagar – Sonmarg – Srinagar Today morning proceed for full day excursion to Sonmarg `Meadow of Gold’. Sonamarg lies in the enchanting Sindh Valley surrounded by mountains and glaciers. Trout and Mahseer fishing is popular here. Return to Srinagar in the evening. Overnight stayin hotel at Srinagar. (B,D)
Srinagar – Pahalgam (Apprx time 4 hrs.) Visit Chashmeshahi gardens and proceed to Pahalgam. Enroute visit Avantipura Ruins and view Pampor Saffron Fields. Overnight in Pahalgam. (B,D)
Pahalgam – Chandanwari – Pahalgam This morning visit Chandanwari for magnificient view of Lidder Valley. The Lidder river side trek and stroll around the “Valley of Sheperds”. Overnight in Pahalgam. (B,D)
Pahalgam – Katra Proceed to Katra, On arrival check in at hotel. Rest of the day is free for leisure. Overnight in Katra. (B,D)
Katra Today morning Proceed to Vaishnodevi Temple, a trek of total 28 kms Return back to Katra. On arrival free time for relaxation or leisure activities. Overnight in Katra. (B,D)
Katra – Jammu – Hometown Proceed to Jammu. Board the train/flight for your hometown.(B)
Price / Inclusion
|CITY NAME||HOTEL NAME STANDARD||HOTEL NAME FIRST||HOTEL NAME SUPERIOR SRINAGAR||JEWEL OF KASHMIR HOUSEBOAT OR SIMILAR||MEENA HOUSEBOAT (SUPER DELUXE) OR SIMILAR||MEENA HOUSEBOAT (CLUB SUITE) OR SIMILAR SRINAGAR||JAMAL RESORT/ THE RESIDENCY OR SIMILAR||HEEVAN RESORT/ CORMADE INN OR SIMILAR||GRAND MUMTAZ OR SIMILAR PAHALAGAM||MOUNTVIEW/HOTEL BAISARAN OR SIMILAR||HOTEL HEEVAN RESORT OR SIMILAR||PINE N PEAK OR SIMILAR KATRA||JAI MAA INN/DEVI GRAND OR SIMILAR||K C RESIDENCY OR SIMILAR||COUNTRY INN & SUITES OR SIMILAR|
- Accommodation in above mentioned or similar hotels.
- Meals as per Itinerary.
- Transfers and Sightseeing as per the itinerary by AC Vehicle (AC will be switched off during travel in Hilly Region)
- Any Air/Rail fares Any meals other than specified above.
- Any sightseeing other than specified above.
- Entrance fees for any sightseeing and Guide charges.
- Any items of personal nature like tips,laundry,telephone calls etc.
- Vehicle is not at disposal. Kindly note drivers are not a Guides.
- Additional charges for visit to Sonmarg Rs. 3000 per vehicle is extra.
- Additional charges to be paid for extra sightseeing.
- Itinerary is subject to change.
- If the above hotels are not available similar category hotels are used.
- The hotel rooms are subject to availability The above given prices are subject to change without prior notice.
- The quotation is based on Standard room, however if unavailable then the upgrading cost to be borne by the guest.
- Hotel check in is 1400hrs. and checkout would be 1000hrs.
- Early check-in and late check-out subject to availability.
Itinerary : KASHMIR 9 Days / 8 Nights